The Middle East consists mainly of arid to semiarid desert and mountain climates, and touches several bodies of water such as the Mediterranean; the Persian Gulf; and the Red, Black, and Arabian seas. Although seasonality varies by country, the spring and fall are often the best times to go because the weather tends to be mild. Summers can be extremely hot, especially in the desert, while winters can be freezing, particularly in mountainous regions.
Much of the Middle East has a relatively warm, and often dry, climate year-round. However, some areas, particularly along the coast, experience high humidity. The hottest temperatures are in the desert and inland areas. Mountain and coastal regions usually see mild or cool weather, especially during the winter. Nights can cool down in many places throughout the year.
Inland desert areas can easily see temperatures above 100 degrees. Regions along the Mediterranean, such as part of Israel, tend to have mild weather in the winter and hot and humid weather that tops 90 degrees in the summer. Those along the Red Sea and Persian Gulf experience temperatures in the high 80s during the winter and mid-100s in the summer. Countries along the Black Sea coast, including parts of Georgia and Turkey, tend to be much milder with summer highs in the 70s and 80s and winter temperatures in the 40s.